A colon polyp is a tiny clump of cells that accumulates on the lining of your colon. Most types of colon polyps are harmless. However, they can potentially develop into colon cancer over time. If not detected till a certain time period – they can prove to be fatal.
In this article, we break down everything you need to know about Colonic Polyps: Types, Causes and Treatment
The types of colonic polyps include:
- Hyperplastic: 90% of all colonic polyps are hyperplastic. Hyperplastic variants are simply benign overgrowths in the colon.
- Polyposis Syndromes: Colon polyps can also come about due to hereditary causes, which result in various polyposis syndromes.
- Adenomas: These small colon polyps rarely turn malignant. Moreover, they comprise 10% of polyp occurrence in the colon.
While the root causes of colonic polyps remain unclear, medical professionals believe that an acidic diet, family history, genetics, and older age are generally the causes of colonic polyps. They can be diagnosed based on their symptoms, but it is still difficult to determine the actual cause for them.
The common treatment for colonic polyps involves their removal. There are two ways of removing colonic polyps:
- Wire: A wire loop is inserted into the colon. Any polyps that are loosely attached and easy to remove come along with the wire once it is pulled out. This removal is carried out if the polyps are not left to stay for an extended amount of time.
- Surgery: If the colonic polyps cannot be removed with a wire, surgery has to be performed for their removal